The Mountaintop at TheatreWorks’s Lucie Stern Theatre in Palo Alto
Motel maid Camae (Simone Missick) jokes with
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (Adrian Roberts)
Tracy Martin, photographer
When Martin King gave his prophetic speech the evening before the fated march
with the Sanitation Workers in Memphis, Tennessee, Carrie Mae Golden, who lived
just around the corner from the Lorraine Motel, wanted to attend, but her
mother “was like ‘No. You know they gonna bomb that church. Haven’t you heard
the rumors?’” And so 15 year old Carrie Mae, who had participated in the march
just a week before that disintegrated into violence that left 16 year old Larry
Payne dead, the reason King was in town in the first place, missed his speech,
something she regretted the rest of her life.
It is amazing how ghosts, whether ideas or people or events have a way of
wafting into existence when the time is right. Carrie Mae Golden’s story
becomes the genesis for the awarding winning play, “The Mountaintop
which after a successful run on Broadway and London, is back clothed in
splendid wonder at TheatreWorks Silicon Valley, March 6-April 7, 2013, after
Memphis native, playwright, Katori Hall’s work had its initial staged reading
at Bay Area Playwrights Festival many years ago. I remember that Saturday
afternoon at the Magic Theatre so well, what a premise to focus on, the space
between Martin King’s return to the motel after his speech and the morning
march. What was he thinking that night? Was he preparing a speech for the next
day? What were his thoughts on the audience that night at the church?
Luther King, Jr. (Adrian Roberts) receives
unexpected visitor, motel maid Camae (Simone Missick)Tracy Martin, photographer
Prophetic, King spoke of the mountaintop and the climb he might not
complete, as he dismissed any thoughts that the journey was not without
its rewards. Was he alone? If not, who was with him that night?
is not the playwright’s mother's story. No, even though Carrie Mae’s name is creatively
reconstituted as “Camae,” (portrayed by actress Simone Missick). Rather Mountaintop
a supposition based on the fact that if King visited the Mountaintop, then he
must have seen certain things which let him know the race was not one
he could complete, yet would be completed, because he’d placed such sturdy
bricks on the road for others to follow.
The play opens with King, portrayed by actor Adrian Roberts, craving a
cigarette, a Pall Malls
specific, as he waits for his friend Rev. Ralph Abernathy to bring him a pack from the store. King paces as he rehearses lines in a speech he is drafting for the next day, his throat
hurting as he sputters, coughs and whizzes. He calls room service for coffee once he catches his breath, and
when it arrives in the hands of the beautiful, spunky maid Camae, it’s over
for King literally.
The chemistry is electric and the great leader and orator can’t seem to let the girl go (smile). The
attraction is mutual, which is natural, King is a celebrity yet one whose feet
smell, drinks, smokes her brand of cigarettes, Pall Malls too,
and he is more importantly attracted to the
pretty maid (smile).
One can admire, right?
As the two talk about the riot which brings King to Memphis, the death of
the youth, Larry Payne, whom King feels such regret, what emerges is a man who
is afraid, perhaps even terrorized from the stresses he has lived through:
bombings, stabbings, imprisonment, and the incessant harassment, some of which
his wife tells him about when they speak on the phone late that night.
How does King wade through this trauma? Does Camae ease the journey, and if so how?
What we see in Katori Hall’s Martin
King is a man whose faith remains unshaken, his resolve to do God’s will as strong as ever, even
when he doesn’t know where that path is headed. In the capable direction of the seasoned veteran Anthony J. Haney, himself a Southern
transplant to Los Angeles, the two actors, Roberts and Missick, work their magic on stage.
How does a young maid make this final evening of his life worth all the years
of strife bearable? What could the two possibly have to talk, let alone laugh
about as the thunder claps and the rain turns into snow?
Guests are in for a wonderful ride as Hall’s words ripple from the lips and
tongues of such a wonderful cast. One just wants to wrap Camae up and take her
home, her honesty and youth such a mirror on today: the place where dissatisfaction and
impatience often collide when elders and youth meet one another across the aisle. Their
goals are often the same, the path, at least the one trod by King, often
philosophically at odds. In the Lorraine Motel that night though, King listens
and even agrees at some point with Camae, a Malcolm X radical in an apron.
When asked how she came to her current position, Camae tells King she is
good at cleaning up other people’s mess, even if she isn’t as good cleaning up
Luther King, Jr. (Adrian Roberts) laughs
Lorraine Motel maid Camae (Simone Missick)
THE MOUNTAINTOP, playing March 6
- April 7, 2013 at
TheatreWorks at the Lucie Stern Theatre in Palo Alto.
Credit: Mark Kitaoka
The space that evening is sacred—the cigarettes are frankincense, the
balcony just a quicker stairway to heaven, Camae and King, two lingering souls
looking for a way out of darkness. Hall’s The Mountaintop
challenges notions of spirituality in all its personae. There are miracles too.
The mountain and the valley meet in that room as Camae charts King's ascension.
Katori Hall’s work looks at the everyday divinity of ordinary folks and
places Martin King right there with them. His greatness is not a
greatness which is inaccessible or isolated, which means, those people left here once he
reaches the apex of his sojourn can use him as an example and "keep on pushing."
Camae’s visit to Room 306 seemed predestined. What is it about the
congregation of women at a prophet’s door as he opens it onto another? Think
about Jesus and the three Marys. In African spiritual systems, an angel
or egun or orisha once walked the earth like us, so when one door closes
another opens—the sphere a linear cylindrical—we do not step off, we step over.
Is this what happens to King his last night here? Is Camae the bridge over
King’s troubled waters? Visit www.theatreworks.org
or call (650) 463-1960.
The Harvey Milk Photo Center hosts: Revolutionary Artist, Emory Douglas
Earlier that day I was in San Francisco for Emory Douglas’s presentation at
Harvey Milk Photo Center, the talk a part of the Black Power, Flower Power: Iconic photographs by Pickle Jones and Ruth-Marion Baruch
exhibition through March 23,
It’s too bad the time or the talk conflicted with the
screening of “Long
at The New Parkway Theatre in Oakland, that
afternoon with director, Stephen Vittoria.
Emory Douglas’s creative visual documentation or interpretation of the
periods best known liberation struggle during the era that gave rise to the
Black Power Movement, the Free Speech Movement and the Anti-War Movement, is
unmatched. Douglas is a treasure and his work then and now both imaginative, inspirational
and timely 45 years later.
As he showed slides of work chronicled in his now out of print treatise: “Black
Panther: The Revolutionary Art of Emory Douglas
,” edited by Sam Durant
(2007), one caught a glimpse of the ever-evolving artist at work, his
tools—wax, calligraphy catalog . . . displayed on the table where one could
purchase posters, bags and magnets. His passionate love for the people,
which never wavered was illustrated in a recent piece created for Haitians which addresses the cholera epidemic linked to UN soldiers' contamination of the water supply. Douglas showed us reworked images like
the cover image for Sonia Sanchez’s first collection of poetry that of a little girl with a spear, and others drawings of comrades still locked behind bars like Romaine “Chip”
Fitzgerald and A3 comrades, Herman Wallace and Albert Woodfox.
His work looks like block prints, but they aren't. His portraits minimalist feats where lines parceled out sparingly speak volumes.
Douglas spoke about his time in Beirut and New Zealand. He didn’t talk about
Argentina or Portugal much, I think the audience was rather spellbound, there
was so much covered one didn’t know where to start the query when the floor opened for questions (smile). I wonder,
in retrospect, how Douglas came through the revolution seemingly
I am sure this is just an illusion, that the lost of friends and comrades
has and did take a tremendous toll on him. Perhaps it is his humanity that
saved him. One hears often of how Emory visited comrades like the late Geronimo
ji jaga here and abroad when after 27 years ji jaga was released and resettled
Douglas's energy is so peaceful and calm. I wonder how he achieved this
during active warfare and its subsequent aftermath.
The enemy then was
not always identifiable, despite the known FBI plan to create disunity and
havoc, yet Douglas continued to draw, document and create. I loved his story
about the United Farm Workers Union march by the Panther Headquarters in
Berkeley and the BPP invitation to them to join them for lunch afterwards at
the Oakland Community School where people like Rosa Parks spent significant
time with the children. The hundreds of marchers did and forged a
relationship with the BPP that continued through the grape and strawberries
boycotts and other actions. I remember not eating grapes for years in support
of the boycott. My kids thought I was insane, but I explained the larger issue to them,
that if those picking the crops were dying from the pesticides, then what would
those same chemicals do to our bodies.
Emory Douglas showed us a Panther newspaper with his drawing of a head of
lettuce and UFU logo on it. The synergy between this historic link and
the fact that co-founder of the union with Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta was
speaking that same day at perhaps the same time as Emory in the city of
Richmond, California’s International Women’s Day event was uncanny (smile).
Yet, when people hear about the BPP not much is mentioned about these types of
solidarity building activities.
Amiri Baraka describes “Emory’s art [as] a combination of expressionism
agitprop and homeboy familiarity.” He says in an essay, “Emory Douglas: A Good
Brother,” a “Bad Artist,” “I always felt that Emory’s work functioned as if you
were put in the middle of a rumble and somebody tossed you a machine pistol. It
armed your mind and demeanor. Ruthlessly funny, but at the same time functional
as the .45 slugs pouring out of that weapon. . . . One of the two artists
I most identify with the hottest revolutionary images used in Black Liberation
Movement journals, Emory Douglas and the Nation of Islam’s Gerald 2X, with his
ubiquitous ‘devil’ in Muhammad Speaks, with fangs hanging out of each side of
his George Bush-like mouth, as I said in a poem, ‘used for sucking oil and
blood,’ plus the little ‘devil’ tail sticking out of his hiney. Emory together
with Gerald 2X were, without a doubt the baddest political graphic artists in
journalism. As seemingly contradictory as their ideologies were (are) they were
the substance of the goodness of a national liberation united front. A
double-barreled art gun” (Durant 180-181).
Emory Douglas didn’t fall into the movement, he chose to be a part of an
organization that uplifted his people and fought for political and social
justice for the disenfranchised. He had skills which furthered the reach of the
organization Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale founded. Having studied commercial
art at City College of San Francisco and his work with Amiri Baraka and
playwrights in the Black House, a place that nurtured a black literary
aesthetic, Douglas who made the sets for the plays, designed fliers and was
instrumental in all or most of the visual designs, knew how to make the
newspaper look good when he met Newton and Seale, made a proposal, and was subsequently invited to join The Party
In the book, Black Panther: The Revolutionary Art of Emory Douglas
artist says in an interview with the late St. Clair Bourne, that he wasn’t
looking for fame, that his reward came from “the people.” If they got the
message or felt he’d articulated well the situation at hand, that pleased him
Last fall I went up to Ashland to catch some of the Oregon Shakespeare
Festival, specifically Party People
, a collaboration between Universes
and ASF (http://www.universesonstage.com/
) In the multimedia jaunt or reflection on the BPP, its successes and some of
the internal madness that perhaps did not leak into the rank and file sections,
but for those in the inner circles, like Emory Douglas, how did he keep himself
from being sucked into a vortex that ground flesh and bones into paste? Is art
such a humanizing force that it protects one from succumbing to anything
antithetical to life and that which gives life?
I’d like to think so and when I look at the veterans of the Black Liberation
Movement leadership like Emory Douglas, Kathleen Cleaver, Elaine Brown, Bobby
Seale, Ericka Huggins, Mama Charlotte O'Neal—it seems that what was good continues, the madness
left in the past. It would be interesting though to know the specifics of the
purification ritual when I think about the youth, and their rites and
passages--some stuck in alleys and tubes unable to see their way out—
between historic moments is often traumatic; it would be useful to share
survival strategies with the honored guard. How does one survive, let along recover from such
systematic oppression? This is just one of the many ideas discussed between
Martin King and Camae at the Lorraine Motel one wet, cold night in The
After I left The Harvey Milk Photo Center
, I went over to the African
American Art and Cultural Complex, where I saw Black Women as God
in the Sargent Johnson Gallery, 762 Fulton Street, San Francisco.
the title of the exhibition doesn’t knock your socks off, the actual art which
is both ritual and celebration, will.
Curated by Karen Seneferu and Melorra Green, the exhibition features 21 artists
who work in multiple mediums. "The Black Woman is God" exhibit is up
through May 30, 2013. There is a companion exhibit at Gallery 1307 at 1307
Fillmore Street also in San Francisco, open Tuesdays to Saturdays, 12-5 p.m.